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Eczema is the name given to a group of conditions characterized by dry, red, itchy skin. It is a very common, non-contagious condition sometimes referred to as atopic dermatitis—after the most common form of the disorder that begins in childhood.
To allow patients to maintain their daily activities with minimal disruption can often be a challenge. Managing treatment and controlling symptoms requires a combination of medications and self-care techniques.
Our dermatologists have years of experience supporting eczema sufferers in Summit, and the surrounding areas. They have the expertise to help patients ease symptoms by keeping the condition under control so they can enjoy life to the full.
Dry, scaly skin, itching, and redness are symptoms common to all types of eczema. However, other symptoms are apparent, depending on the type of eczema. Symptoms range from mild to severe and may include rashes on the face—or in the creases of the skin, fluid-filled blisters, thickened skin, cracked skin, or swollen legs.
Alongside atopic dermatitis, the other forms of eczema include contact dermatitis, dyshidrotic dermatitis, hand dermatitis, neurodermatitis, nummular dermatitis, and stasis (or varicose) dermatitis. Although atopic dermatitis tends to start in childhood and resolve in adulthood, other forms of eczema may strike at any time.
The exact cause of eczema is unknown. However, research has found a combination of genetics and environmental factors may trigger the immune system’s response. Inflammation is the immune system’s response to allergens or irritants. And, it is inflammation that produces the symptoms prevalent in most forms of eczema. Individuals with asthma or allergies, such as hay fever, are at a higher risk of developing eczema.
Eczema is a chronic condition which most sufferers will have to learn to live with. One of the features of these disorders is that patients may have long periods without symptoms, but then get a sudden flare-up. Identifying what the trigger is for each type of eczema will go some way in learning to control the disease long-term.
Triggers can include a range of factors, including allergies, stress, exposure to certain materials or chemicals, and insect bites. In stasis eczema, it is problems with blood flow in the lower legs that may generate swelling and cause varicose veins to form.
Although our dermatologists in Summit have strategies for treating patients with eczema in New Jersey, part of the pathway for managing eczema successfully is identifying the triggers that cause flare-ups. Finding ways of treating symptoms and preventing future breakouts requires close collaboration between doctor, patient, and other involved parties so the condition is managed effectively.
We offer a range of treatments for eczema to our patients, as well as tips on how to alleviate symptoms and reduce flare-ups by regulating environmental conditions at home—such as heating and air-conditioning.