Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis)

Also known as atopic dermatitis, eczema is a skin condition involving itching and inflammation. Although it can occur anywhere on the skin, eczema most commonly affects the arms and knees. Eczema is a chronic condition that flares up and subsides at random, making it difficult for those affected. At Advanced Dermatology, PC, we see many patients seeking treatment for this frustrating condition.

Cause of Eczema

The exact cause of eczema is unknown, although it is likely a combination of irritable skin and a malfunction within the immune system. Environment may play a role in eczema incidences, as studies show greater rates of eczema amongst children in cold regions, urban areas, or upper-class households. Eczema is hereditary, with studies show that individuals are at a heightened risk of eczema if one or more relatives have eczema, seasonal allergies, or asthma.

Symptoms of Eczema

Symptoms of eczema include small, raised bumps, itching, red, brownish patches, and sensitive skin. Patients suffering from eczema often find that the itching is especially intense at night. The symptoms of eczema can be exacerbated by sweating, stress, sudden changes in temperature, certain foods, and hot baths or showers.

Diagnosing Eczema

To determine whether your symptoms are due to eczema, your dermatologist will look at the affected area(s) of your skin and review your medical history. No special testing is required to diagnose eczema.

Treating Eczema

Treatments for eczema aim to reduce the associated inflammation and itching. Common treatments include corticosteroid creams, immunomodulators, and antihistamines. Antibiotics may be prescribed in the event of skin infections. The exact course of treatment will be based upon your specific condition and medical history.

Preventing Eczema

While eczema cannot be prevented, certain measures can be taken to minimize the occurrence of flare-ups. Avoid hot baths or showers, instead using warm water can help the skin retain its moisture. Regular use of a moisturizer can also keep skin from becoming dry and itchy. As with many conditions, stress can worsen eczema, so make sure to keep all stressors to a minimum.

Itching from Eczema? Scratch No More – Contact Us Today!

If you are suffering from the itching of eczema, contact us today to schedule a consultation. Our board-certified dermatologists are experts at diagnosing and treating eczema and other conditions of the skin, hair and nails. We look forward to meeting you.