What is Acne?
While it can sound dramatic, acne vulgaris is actually just the medical name for common acne. This kind of inflammatory acne is characterized by pimples and pustules and is the bane of adolescence for most teenagers.
Although it is a common condition, many still treat acne breakouts in all the wrong ways, which can cause further problems for the skin down the road. One of the worst parts of having acne is the fact that it can leave behind scars, especially when mismanaged.
So to prevent further damage from happening to you or your loved one as a result of inflammatory or cystic acne, here’s what you need to know.
What is Acne Inflammation or Inflammatory Acne?
Acne vulgaris is actually a disorder of inflammation. This type of acne is characterized by pimples, pustules, nodules, and cysts that can become red and swollen. Non-inflammatory acne is the kind that is characterized by whiteheads and blackheads. While less common, non-inflammatory acne can still leave people wondering how to get rid of acne scars.
Both types of acne are caused when dead skin cells, excess oil, and/or bacteria come together on the face and settle into the open of a pore, blocking it. When the pore is blocked it still releases sebum from the follicle, and the cell walls begin to stretch. Eventually, the cell walls crack and break open, spreading the contents onto the skin. Once the skin is broken, the body will launch an immune response to protect itself thus creating a red, swollen pimple.
This type of acne is found to be more common for people with certain lifestyle habits and behaviors, including those who:
- Have a diet with excess sugar, fats, and milk
- Use too many skin care products or the wrong type (i.e. comedogenic)
- Live in excess humidity
- Smoke cigarettes
- Pick at whiteheads, blackheads or pimples
What is Cystic Acne?
There are several classifications and different types of acne:
- Mild Acne
- Moderate Acne
- Severe Nodulocystic Acne
- Acne Conglobata
- Acne Mechanica
Cystic acne is the most severe type of acne and can cause cystic acne pain. It is a form of inflammatory acne – a type of acne that causes very painful pimples filled with pus that can start to form deep under the skin.
How to Treat Acne Vulgaris and Inflammatory Acne
Severe inflammatory acne is usually treated with oral medications. These medications can reduce inflammation and eliminate bacteria simultaneously. Your dermatologist can recommend a medication that will work for you along with a topical treatment process.
How to Get Rid of Acne Scars
The worst takeaway from acne is that even after it has been resolved, it can leave you with scars that can take years – if ever – to fade. Top dermatologists can help you figure out how to get rid of acne scars and provide guidelines on acne vulgaris self-care. Treatment options for scars can include laser therapy, chemical peels, micro-needling, dermabrasions, and more. Your dermatologist will recommend the very best treatment for your skin needs.